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Sunday, January 13, 2019

Old Blogs Never Die

If it's on the internet, it lives forever.

I had half forgotten about an online nature journal I kept about four years ago which was something of a precursor to this one. I eventually replaced it with iNaturalist, never to return to that work.

I won't reactivate it but I do think it belongs as part of the archive for this blog. This is one of my favorite photos from that blog taken with an old phone. This was taken on the causeway from Pierre to La Framboise Island.

Saturday, January 5, 2019

Bird Land

I am enjoying my new camera. I am practicing the same skills I was when I last posted which means there are features on my camera I still don't know how to use. No matter. For the moment I am enjoying learning how to take pictures of birds at the feeder maintained at a nearby state park by volunteers from the Audubon Society. When I am ready to learn more about the camera, I will move on.

Today is National Bird Day so I will share a few bird photos. I find taking halfway decent photos of birds unexpectedly gratifying, especially when I share them on iNaturalist. The photos I'm sharing below aren't my best photos but the ones that I am learning from.

What I've learned so far:

I've learned that snow is hard to get the right light. The birds in the photos I took on a snowy day come out a little dark. See the American tree sparrow photo one below.

I've learned that autofocus may or may not always pick the right thing to focus on. I've had more than one picture with the sunflower seeds in the feeder in crisp detail while the bird an inch or two in front of that ever so slightly out of focus. See American Tree sparrow photo two.

I've learned that you have to take a lot of photos to get one or two good ones.

I've learned that cardinals are shy and flitty this time of year.

I've learned that birds are sometimes done with the feeders by 3:45 or so which is a disappointment when you get there at 3:50.

American Tree Sparrow One in Snow

American Tree Sparrow out of focus

Female Northern Cardinal. She never did hop into the sunshine.

Male Northern Cardinal. Lucky shot. He didn't stay long.

Male House Finch

Black capped chickadee

Thursday, December 27, 2018

Early morning eagles.

I am learning that one of the things you do as a photographer is chase the light, particularly the golden hours around sunrise and sunset. I know a man who specializes in photographing sunrises. He regularly gets up at or before 4 am to check the weather, make coffee and decide if it's worth a drive to the spots that he knows will yield stunning sunrise photos.

I am not there yet, particularly with that getting up before 4 am business. However, I did find myself getting up and out before 7:30 am on a Sunday morning to take pictures of eagles. I feel that this is sort of the same thing.

Finding eagles is easy around here as eagles overwinter by the Oahe Dam about six miles out of town, attracted by the open water and cottonwood trees. Eagles are large, photogenic birds that unlike their smaller cousins don't flit. Generally if you are quiet and still they will be as well until something calls them to take flight. In populated areas they move if there is too much human activity below them. But sometimes they move for reasons known only to them. Hunger perhaps. Or maybe they want a different view.

One of the common roosting sites at the Dam is viewable by car which serves as a blind of sorts as cars don't seem to disturb eagles.  Even though finding eagles here is easy photographing them is not because this vantage point faces west. A west facing vantage point means the light is behind the eagles in the afternoon golden hour. This does not make for great photos. In fact it doesn't make for good photos or even ok photos. To photograph these eagles you have to go out in the morning.

I used to verify that early morning sun would bathe them in a golden glow. The sun rose slightly to their south so first rays of morning light would illuminate them on one side which would mean shadows. But it was golden light and besides I had no choice.

I arrived at the vantage point in the cold gray of civil twilight. The moon was brilliant, almost full. I spotted three eagles, one of them well within range of my zoom. Huzzah! I might get an extreme close up. I rolled down the window and set up the camera, attaching it to a Gorilla tripod and perching the tripod on the door.  Snuggled under my down coat with an insulated tumbler of hot tea, I was ready.

It had been a few months since I was outside to watch the sunrise and I can't remember the last time I did so during the winter. First, the sky changes from gray to a light blue. Then, the tops of the trees blush with the pink light. The trees glow as the brightening light slips towards the ground and the blue in the sky deepens, steadily, silently until all of a sudden, the sun is up and everything is illuminated.

Just before this solar culmination, the eagle that was nearest to me flew to other eagles a little further away. The other eagles were within range of my zoom but they weren't well within range. No extreme close ups, sadly. That eagle shortly thereafter moved on.

I spent the next hour or so snapping away. As usual I got a lot of duds but I did have a few highlights. The first was I got a nice series of two eagles joining the eagles in the not so close tree. Even though I didn't get the extreme close up you can see the open beaks as they vocalized to each other.

Also, two of the eagles seemed to enjoy being in close physical contact. They stayed right next to each other. It was kind of cute.

Eventually I decided to call it good and slowly and I hope quietly (my next car is going to be electric for precisely these kinds of moments) I drove away. I spied more eagles flying as I left and of course I had to follow.

It wasn't a great shot what with branches in the way and the eagle not facing me, but I did get my extreme close up.

I cropped this one to focus in on the eagle but I think the light came out pretty good.
f/4 1/500 108mm ISO100

And when the eagle turned its head, it cast a shadow. A little far even with the zoom. Needs cropping. f/4 1/640 108mm ISO100

These two eagles really liked each other.
f/4/ 1/1000 108 mm ISO100

I made a gif of two eagles joining other eagles. I like how you can see the vocalizations. f/4 1/500 108 mm ISO100

Extreme closeup, Cropped. f/4 1/640 108mm ISO100

Saturday, December 22, 2018

Depth of Field

When I reread my post below my eyes glazed over from the abundance technical details about background defocus mode. Overall, my post was rather dense and  uninteresting. Lesson learned. I'll keep the technical travails about which button to push when to a minimum. Suffice it to say that I don't fully understand my camera yet so occasionally it will do something and I don't know why.

For example, I have managed to change the display on the screen so after I take a photo it flashes not only the photo but also all the info like f stops, ISO, etc. And once I set the display screen so that when I touched it, the camera took a photo. I have no idea how I turned that on but it's mysteriously off, for now at least. Somewhere in the advanced user's guide I'm sure it tells me about these things. I don't know when I will get to it because the advanced users guide comes on a CD and I don't have a CD reader.

What I do feel I am learning, a little, is depth of field. The two photos below were taken within 5 minutes of each other from the same vantage point. The top one has an f/4 aperture which I set and an ISO of 200 which I did not. The bottom has an aperture of f/2.8 with an ISO of 100. Both of these have been auto adjusted by Google photos. The zoom was the same.

Composition aside (I'm still learning) I don't know if the depth of field makes that much of a difference in these two pictures. Both have sufficiently blurry backgrounds that do not distract from the birds. The bright spot in the bottom photo (f/2.8) that looks like a corona behind the bird's head. I see this as a distraction not because of the detail but because it's, well, a corona behind the bird's head.

f/4 ISO 200

f 2.8 ISO 100
I can see why Graham recommended setting the camera to a background defocus mode of f/4. You can still get respectably blurry backgrounds and the ability to direct the focal point of your photos. The picture of grass panicles  below has a aperture of 4 and a nice blurry background. It helps there is a good color contrast.

The downy woodpecker is my best photo so far. I wish I had gotten the woodpecker's eye on the intersection of the thirds but this is a good start.

Tuesday, December 18, 2018

I begin

While I am a very inexperienced photographer I am not a complete newbie. Years ago I saw a Powerpoint on how to take good outdoor photos that talked about the rule of thirds and depth of field when composing your photos.  I've only had very very basic cameras so depth of field was something that I had no control over but I've always installed gridlines on the viewfinder if that camera had that feature.  I'm somewhat proficient at rule of thirds so with this new camera I turned my attention to depth of field.

I am using a series by Graham Houghton on You Tube to guide my learning. He recommends you start out in intelligent auto or IA mode which sounded good to me. The first subject he tackled after setting up the camera is understanding how to set up background defocus mode and change the focal point of your picture. Knowing how to do this will help you change your depth of field in the IA mode. In peeking ahead at the topics I think he covers this later on in the series when you are in manual mode but the idea of manual mode makes me feel faint right now. 

One of the disadvantages of being self taught using a You Tube video is that you can't ask questions when you have done something wrong. You just have to keep plinking away and reviewing the video.

For example after I set the background defocus mode to an aperture of 4 (which doesn't really defocus the background but allows you to change your focal point) I missed the instruction on how to move the focal point by pressing the grid icon to the left of the Menu/Set button after you engage the background defocus mode. If you fail to press this button (or fail to engage background defocus mode first) and try to move the focal point square on the screen the camera beeps at you.

Another fun fail: if you don't engage the background defocus mode OR if you don't press the button on the left of the Menu, AND if you try to move the focal point square using the Menu/Set controls without first pressing the grid icon you will find yourself changing the white balance towards warmer or cooler. Changing the white balance of the photo is all well and good if that is what is you want to do but somewhat frustrating if you want to change the  focal point and don't realize you missed an instruction. And let's not discuss how frustrating it is to have the camera beep at you.

Yes, PLEASE do not discuss the beeping.

So in review, the lesson that I've been working on is trying to figure out the aperture. I can set the aperture to a predetermined point using the Fn2 (Function 2) button and toggle back and forth between an automatic aperture and Fn2 aperture.

Here's where things get tricky if I want to toggle: to turn the background defocus mode on, I press the Fn2 button once. I half press the shutter button to verify. To turn the defocus mode off I press the Fn2 button twice. I do not need to half press the shutter button to verify.

When the camera is in background defocus mode I can change the focal point by pressing on the grid icon on the Menu wheel. That will allow me to move the point. Pressing on the grid icon when the camera is not in background defocus mode will not allow me change the focal point. And it will beep if I try to move the focal point.

Man, will it beep.

Sunday, December 16, 2018

Hello, Lu

As stated below I have added a new camera to my collection, a Panasonic Lumix FZ300. This camera is in the bridge class of cameras. The way I understand it there is a camera hierarchy with phones and point and shoots at the bottom and digital single lens reflex cameras (DSLRs) at the top and bridges in between.  The hierarchy is based on clarity and quality of image and seems to be directly correlated to price and indirectly correlated to ease of use.

This camera which I shall call Lu can function as a point and shoot but also has many buttons and dials if you want to take your photography up a notch. Since the whole point of my buying Lu was to do exactly that I have decided to embark on a self designed, self taught course, consisting of what I hope are credible internet resources and my own practice.

Over the next few weeks or months many of my posts will be about learning about Lu. There will be posts of photos with information about f stops and shutter speeds and depth of field and this setting versus that because the best way to learn about something is to not only practice but to process it. Knowing is good, being able to explain is better. Blogging your experience is a great way to process and explain.

My goal is to create a journal of a very new photographer, a short series of what someone who has only done phone photography before has to grapple with in learning how to use a bridge camera.

Pointers and ideas are welcome.

Saturday, December 15, 2018

Reading Plans.

Last year I set a goal of reading four science books. And I have!
Other Minds
Song of Trees
Caesar's Last Breath
Astrophysics for People in a Hurry.

They were all good. And they were all by men.

My next reading challenge for 2019 is four science books by or about women, preferably both.

Wednesday, December 12, 2018


I was a speaker at the STEM Savvy cafe about my polar experience and this Lego mini-fig was my honorarium. I love it.

This gift is timely because I recently made the decision to upgrade my camera to more than my phone. I have always maintained that you can be an explorer with the tools you have and for many if not most of us that includes a phone. You don't have to have the $3,000 camera with $2,000 lens. But I've come to the point in my journey as an everyday explorer and explorer educator where I want to do more exploring than my phone will allow. My phone doesn't take good pictures of birds for example and I'd like to add more bird photos to my iNaturalist account.

I anticipate that I will continue to use my phone for the every day exploration and the upgraded camera for the more intentional exploration. Knowing myself, and I don't think I'm alone here, I have to guard against new puppy syndrome where once the newness wears off I stop playing with it and ignore it. No! If I invest in this camera I need to set a goal of going out once a month with it to explore.

Maybe I will get great photos, maybe I won't. I hope I get more observations to add to iNaturalist that I would not have been able to get before the new camera. But what I will get for sure is 12 times this coming year where I set aside some time to go explore my world.

Sunday, December 2, 2018

Listening to Mr Khan

I had the good fortune to attend the National Council of Social Studies conference in Chicago courtesy of National Geographic. I helped staff the booth in the exhibit hall talking about the Educator Certification program and I gave a lightning talk at an Educator Happy Hour.

One of the keynote speakers at NCSS was Khizr Khan. You can tell he is of a different generation because he does not have a social media presence as far as I can tell. Mr Khan (I cannot imagine referring to him as Khizr even here in my blog) is a lawyer, Muslim and Gold Star father who came to national prominence giving a pointed speech at the 2016 Democratic National Convention about the dark dark tone taken on by the then Republican candidate about immigrants. 

We educators gave Mr Khan a standing ovation even before he spoke. The applause was long and fervent. After he spoke, the ovation was longer and louder. More than one of us was crying, moved by his words and his call to be candle bearers of freedom, education, and equality.

My exploration is focused on, using the Nat Geo Learning Framework, the Changing Planet as well as Wildlife and Wild Places. But the Human Journey is important to me, too. Mr Khan has a compelling, critical message for the current Human Journey. I was thrilled to hear it in person.

This is one of my top moments of 2018.

Sunday, November 25, 2018

Art Outside

The day after Thanksgiving traditionally has been celebrated by shopping and consumerism until a few years ago when REI threw down the gauntlet or maybe climbing glove with its #OptOutside campaign, closing their stores and online shop to allow staff time to get outdoors.

A worthy and laudable idea, to be sure. So much so that I became an REI member paying $20 a year so I can buy more stuff cheaper.

Full disclosure: I did not opt outside this year. I didn't wade into the consumer fray either (except for the cashmere, black watch plaid scarf from Scotland). Instead I went to the Joslyn art museum where I looked at world class artwork, some of which was about the outdoors like this picture from Monet. The bottom picture is a close up of his brushwork. Apparently, he mixed his paint on the canvas which sounds like a pretty badass thing to do, even to me a non-painter.

I still believe in and advocate for opting outside. Christmas for me has a tradition of outsiding as I go on a Christmas Day hike. I drag along any family members that I can but so far Thanksgiving hasn't been a very outside oriented holiday. 

Opt Outside has grown beyond a single day so if you had to work or chose to do something else, you can still be part of the opt outside movement. 

Tuesday, November 13, 2018

An Autumn Visit

I went to Badlands National Park on its 40th anniversary. The weather was not pleasant; it was blustery, gray, cold. But I enjoyed myself wandering around, looking for new ideas and opportunities to integrate into the course I lead for teachers.

I came up with one idea at least. Find a way to get the teachers into the front section of the park where the geologic activity is.

Saturday, November 3, 2018

National Bison Day!

The first Saturday of November is National Bison Day. I thought it would be fitting to observe the holiday by sharing some of my favorite bison photos.

This is probably one of my best photos. It was snapped, serendipitously, on my way out of Badlands National Park. I wasn't even the one who pressed the shutter button as I was driving. I saw the bison, handed my phone to the passenger and told her to take three or four photos.

A friend of mine who is an excellent photographer, the kind who has high end cameras, noted that the best camera is the one you have with you when the shot presents itself. I would have to agree with him.

This is the bison herd moving to water. I was headed out to White Butte and almost intersected their path. Fortunately I saw them coming and scrambled to the top of the Buttes just as they passed below me. I felt a certain poignancy as this is just a small, small fraction of the herds that roamed this land.

This picture makes me say Awwww as this bison is sleeping. Their short legs in relationship to their massive bodies and heads is so endearing. But don't think you give them a little pat or scratch. They would probably kill you or at least knock you back into last month.

Monday, October 22, 2018

Autumn Elm

You can live a long time in one place and still make discoveries. Yesterday's discovery was just how many American elms there are around here. American elms used to be common as they were the preferred tree for city planting in the 19th century due to their shape and color. And they are beautiful trees, large, majestic, everything a tree should be.

I assumed for quite a while that elms were pretty much a threatened species  well on their way to being extinct thanks to Dutch elm disease which ravaged the population. Dutch elm disease and the monocultivation of elms is Exhibit A in why diversity of planting is a good thing. Diversity provides built in resistance.

I was both surprised and pleased to discover about a year ago that on the grounds of the science center where I work there were not one but two large elms. Outside my window. That I looked at every day. I just assumed they were cottonwoods, the other large, beautiful majestic tree in my ecosystem. It wasn't till I picked up a leaf that I realize oh wow, elms! Once I started looking I found several more in the trees planted behind our center, a space called the Mayor's Grove where a tree is planted for every mayor. 

The elms outside my window have been providing quite the autumnal show. Their leaves turn a lovely yellow orange which is a shade different than the orange yellow of the cottonwood. Maybe it is some combination of the right amount of moisture and temperature this year but I do not recall such a display before. I've been enjoying the view, so much so that when I get stuck on a problem or need a short brain break I go outside and look at the elms.

Yesterday was a golden October day. The leaves were still in full color and the temperature was in the 60's. Knowing such days will become less frequent I took advantage of it and went for a long walk on one of the wooded islands on the Missouri River. My destination was the furthest point on the island, a distance of about two and half to three miles.

It has been a while since I've been on this trail, since spring at least. But it is a familiar trail to me, one I visit several times a year. As I hiked I noticed the leaf color and trees that I always thought cottonwoods suddenly became elms. How could I have not noticed? As with the trees on my workplace campus I suppose you don't see what you don't think you will find.

I hope to find more elms in my knocking about the grasslands. According to the wikipedia article about the American elm, wild elms may have a natural resistance to Dutch elm disease. I hope so as I now feel very protective of the elms.

Saturday, October 13, 2018

Earth Science Week

During Earth Science Week (which actually starts tomorrow but I like to get ahead of the rush) I try to post a photo a day on social media to raise awareness about how much earth science surrounds us.

 The photos below were taken shortly after sunset. This time of year there is something of a Stonehenge effect where the sun lines up with the hallway since this hallways faces due west. I can't get the full effect on the actual day of alignment because a neighbor's house is in the way. is a fun website to play with to find where on the horizon the sun rises and sets so you can find other Stonehenge type spots. Lots of learning opportunities there not to mention just a lot of fun to play with.

Sunday, September 30, 2018

Autumn in the Badlands

It's been a long week. I needed to get away for a bit so even thought the weather was cool and gray I bombed out to the Badlands for a night. The campground was full ish. Unlike summer when people arrive late into the night and leave out early well before sunrise this crowd was pretty settled. I heard someone leave around 4am but generally the campground didn't stir until after sunrise.

I walked the next day, wandered really, and found myself headed towards the confluence of Sage Creek and the South Fork creek that runs by the campground. This confluence was one of the monitoring sites for the Badlands Monitoring project. I was trying a different route, one that I had attempted before but missed the confluence and ended up downstream at the Creek.  All who wander are not lost, sometimes we are are just trying again.

As always there were new (to me) things to see as I have not spent much time in the grasslands during autumn. Usually by now I move my hiking to the front part of the park with the formations.

The flowers were fewer although there were still a few hardy souls still blooming, particularly in the riparian areas near the creek.

The buffalo currant which is an early bloomer was mostly reduced to branches. The few leaves that remained were deep red. The guidebook says the buffalo currant is a favorite of deer to browse and I would have to agree.

Someone, I don't know who, is doing bioacoustic research. Sorry if my walking by and snapping a pictures fuddles up the data.

A first for me, I saw pincushion cactus. If a cactus can be cute, it's the pincushion.
 Those who know more about photography than I like gray skies for taking pictures since the light softens the colors. I have been trying to take a picture of the yellow mounds for a while and have yet to get one that I think does justice. This one comes close. 
I did do some tweaking on the color filter but only to make the photos look more like they actually did. I took this with my camera phone (I haven't upgraded yet) and there is only so much you can do with that.